Population per the 2012 census- 626,011
Vermont was admitted as the 14th state on March 4, 1791.
Known as the ‘Green Mountain State’, its motto is “Freedom and Unity”.
Vermont in 2012 was a solid ‘Blue’ state. By working together we can chip away the blue paint and paint her red.
Vermont was the 1st Republic from 1777 to 1791. Vermont declared independence separately from the original 13 colonies, although the Continental Congress refused to recognize it.
Vermont seceded from the British Empire in 1777 and stood free for 14 years, until 1791. Its constitution -- preceded the U.S. Constitution by more than a decade.
The French came to VT in 1609 and claimed the northern part for France. When the British won the French and Indian War in 1763, the territory became part of what is now New England.
The English began to settle the territory, which became known as the New Hampshire Grants, but was also claimed by New York. Since both New Hampshire and New York laid claim to VT settlers who received land from the New Hampshire government found that other settlers were given the same land from the New York government.
The dual claims of land carried with it conflict. When Yorkers showed up to survey or claim someone’s land they were met by armed men. The homes of some Yorkers who managed to settle in the area were destroyed and the inhabitants were beaten and banished. The Westminster Massacre of March 13, 1775 was viewed by ‘some’ as the first battle leading up to the Revolutionary War.
In 1775, the Green Mountain Boys formed to defend the New Hampshire land grants against the New Yorkers. Ethan Allen, one of Vermont's founders, led the army until the British captured him.
The Green Mountain Boys became famous for their role in the American Revolution at the battles of Hubbardton and Bennington in 1777. After these battles, the Green Mountain Boys returned home and declared Vermont an independent Republic. In the same year VT wrote its first state Constitution.
The VT Historical Society wrote “It was not a certainty in 1777 that Vermont would become the fourteenth state in the Union. America was still at war and victory wasn’t assured. New York, an important part of the American effort, wasn’t going to give up title to the Grants without a fight. Vermont didn’t improve its chances of acceptance when it began negotiating with Great Britain to become part of greater Canada. The American Congress was suspicious of the new republic and became even more frustrated when Vermont tried to annex more lands—this time from New Hampshire.”
Negotiations continued through the 1780s. Finally in 1790 New York and Vermont settled their long-standing differences over the Grants. In January 1791 Vermont delegates met in Bennington and ratified the U.S. Constitution. On March 4, 1791, Vermont was accepted into the United States of America, as the fourteenth state.”
New York consented to the admission of Vermont into the Union (for a payment of $30,000).
Vermont ratified the U.S. Constitution by a vote of 108-5 on January 10th 1791.
Presidents from Vermont: Chester Alan Arthur was born in Fairfield on October 5, 1830 (he was the 21th US President, serving from 1881 to 1885). Calvin Coolidge was born in Plymouth on July 4, 1872 (he was the 30th US President, serving from 1923 to 1929).
The first beneficiary of a monthly Social Security payment was Ida M. Fuller of Ludlow, VT who received check #000-000-001 for $22.54, January 31, 1940.