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A little history:

Population per the 2012 census- 6,021,988

Missouri was admitted as the 24th state on August 10th 1821. Statehood was signed by President James Monroe.

Her state motto is "Salus populi suprema lex esto " - The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law.

Missouri's sobriquet is the "Show-Me" state. The slogan is not official, but is common throughout the state and is used on Missouri license plates.

Missouri for the 2012 Presidential election was a ‘Red’ state.

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In addition to the flags of the Civil War. Three flags of other countries flew over what was to become the Territory of Missouri.

Sons of the now state of Missouri are officially recorded as serving in the Revolutionary War.

1803 - The Louisiana Purchase was signed.

1804 - Lewis and Clark set out from St. Lewis. Missouri became a gateway to the West.

1811 - The first shocks of the New Madrid earthquakes, the worst in US history, occurred (Dec. 16). The earthquake was so violent that it created a fluvial tsunami in the Mississippi River, the river ran backwards for several hours.

1812 -  Missouri became a territory, carved out from the result of the Louisiana Purchase.

1820 - The Missouri statehood controversy became a national issue as the issue of slavery was debated. The "Missouri Compromise" allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state, thus keeping the balance of slave and free states equal in Congress.

1854 -   President Franklin Pierce signed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, allowing the notion of "popular sovereignty" in determining if a territory would be a slave state or a free state. This act set the stage for the violent Kansas-Missouri border wars where the Missouri "Border Ruffians" and the Kansas "Jayhawkers" transformed a frontier quarrel over slavery’s borders into a national issue (May 30).

Missouri being both an important state to the Union and the Confederacy found itself being split apart. While Missouri was a slave state sentiments ran high for remaining in the Union and as well many were for the Confederacy.

1860 - During the presidential election, Missouri elected the pro-Union Democratic candidate, Stephen Douglas. Abraham Lincoln received less than 11% of the Missouri state vote. In fact over half of these (17,028) votes were from the city of St. Louis alone.

1861 - Missouri Constitutional Convention voted 98 to 1 to stay in the Union but not supply weapons or men to either side if war broke out.

1861 - As a result of a power struggle for the state's military resources, a confrontation between State and Federal forces brought the first bloodshed to Missouri. What became known as the "Camp Jackson Affair" in St. Louis, also referred to as “The St. Louis Massacre”, and as a result more Missourians threw their allegiance to the Confederacy.

1861 - Missouri was the only state in history, when proclaiming to be part of the United States, where the U.S. Army declared a state of war existed between it and the Federal government. The initial war declaration occurred at the Planters House Hotel in St. Louis between Federal commander Nathaniel Lyon and Missouri Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson. The state was placed under Martial Law until the end of the war.

Missouri Missouri supplied 110,000 troops for the Union and a minimum of 40,000 troops to the Confederacy (the actual number of Missouri Confederates is unknown as many Missourians joined non-Missouri units).

Missouri is the state with the third largest number of engagements of the Civil War (1,162 battles and skirmishes) fought . (Only Virginia and Tennessee had more.)

1865 - By an Executive Order Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. Missouri’s second Constitution (Drake Constitution) was adopted. A group of Republican politicians, favored emancipation of slaves and disfranchisement of persons who were sympathetic to the Confederacy during the Civil War. The "Ironclad Oath"   also referred to by some as the “Damnesty Oath” was adopted from Washington in Missouri’s new constitution to exclude former Confederate sympathizers from the vote and certain occupations, severely limiting their civil rights (Apr. 10). The order resulted in a $40 million loss to Missouri slave holders.

1875 - Missouri’s third Constitution was adopted (Oct. 30).

Unlike other Southern states Missouri did not suffer from U.S. military control during reconstruction. Nonetheless internal politics set Republican (Pro-unionist) against Democrats (Pro-confederacy)  that lasted through the 1950’s. The “Dixiecrats” in no small way ushered in the Jim Crow Laws.

1812 - Missouri provided over 1100 troops for the War of 1812.

Missouri gave the nation two Presidents, Ulysses S. Grant and Harry S. Truman.

 

 

 


 

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