Population per 2012 census- 1,595,728
Idaho was admitted as the 43rd state, July 3rd 1890. Her motto is "Let Her Be Perpetual".
President Harrison signed the bill to make Idaho a state on July 3rd one day before the celebration of our nations history. The reason Harrison signed the bill one day before July 4th was due to a section of federal law. Whenever a new state comes into existence, a new star is added to the flag. But the new star is official on the Fourth of July after the president signs the statehood bill. Rather than wait a full year for Idaho's star, Harrison signed the bill in time to make Idaho’s 43rd star official the next day.
Idaho is s the 13th largest state in the U.S. Idaho produces 72 types of precious and semi-precious stones. Some of these stones can be found nowhere else in the world, which is why the great state is known as “The Gem State”.
Idaho is the nation’s number one producer of potatoes (weather permitting).
Idaho is among the top ten Republican states.
Native Indians have lived in Idaho for over 14,000 years.
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 included the Territory of Idaho.
In 1805 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark became the first white men to explore the region. Trappers, fur traders from the East and from Canada flowed into Idaho Territory.
In 1811 the birth of the Oregon Trail allowed for more people to flow into Idaho.
The French Canadians discovered gold in the territory in 1852.
By 1863 miners, ranchers, and farmers found a state rich with natural resources. They mined, homesteaded, plowed, and fenced, eventually staying to make Idaho a United States Territory.
The Idaho territory desired statehood but the Mormons were of concern to Washington. Congress took the Mormon “threat” so seriously that they passed the Edmunds Act in 1882.
The Idaho Test Oath was an act of Idaho legislation passed in 1884 as part of anti-Mormon politics. By the early 1800's there were over 30 Mormon settlement in the Idaho territory, making up nearly one fourth of the population and certainly enough to influence the vote dramatically. As a way to keep the Mormons from voting, politicians focused on polygamy, a practice thought to be horrific by the general public and greatly misunderstood. The Idaho Test Oath stated that elected officials could not be practitioners of polygamy nor could they be a member of an organization that has ever believed in the practice. It not only kept out practicing polygamist, an institution that had nearly died out, but all Mormons due to their association. Members of the Mormon church were unable to vote or serve on a jury. In order to cast a vote some would resign their membership to the LDS church temporarily in court, however politicians became aware of this and passed another act banning anyone who had ever been a Mormon from voting.
The federal government took notice of Idaho politics and granted it statehood in 1890.
The Mormons eventually gained back the right to vote however the provision was not removed until 1982.